We present a case study for detecting the four-dimensional (4-D) displacement of rift zones affected by large-magnitude deformation, by using spaceborne synthetic aperture radar (SAR) data. Our method relies on the combination of displacement time series generated from pixel offset estimates on the amplitude information of multitemporal SAR images acquired from different orbit passes and with different looking geometries. We successfully applied the technique on advanced SAR (ASAR) Envisat data acquired from ascending and descending orbits over the Afar rift zone (Ethiopia) during the 2006–2010 time span. Our results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed technique to retrieve the full 4-D (i.e., north, east, up, and time) displacement field associated with active rifting affected by very large-magnitude deformation.
- Received 2 July 2015.
- Revision received 26 January 2016.
- Accepted 26 February 2016.
- ©The Authors
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